Determining When You Have A Chance At A Keyword
So as I was reading for fun I stunbled across an often cited and well referenced Neil Patel article. So this isn’t my work but I wanted to share the excerpt from his much bigger article on how long it takes to rank.
This can be a mistake.
Why? According to our data, websites that sought rank for a given keyword had difficulty ousting a competitor site that had a similar link profile.
Let’s say we have two websites, yours and Mr. Competitor.
Mr. Competitor already ranks in the number one position for “top 10 types of grass to feed your zebra.”
Should you try to rank for this keyword as well?
Yes. Your sites are equal and you have a fighting chance.
But, should you compete for the term “zebra?”
Why not? Because the websites that rank first in the SERPs for this term have a DR that exceeds yours by a considerable margin.
How should you know whether or not to pursue ranking for a certain keyword?
There’s a simple method. It’s the “If they can rank, I can rank” method.
Look at your competitors and ask yourself the following questions:
Are they in the same niche? If yes, proceed to question 2.
Do they rank for your chosen keyword? If yes, proceed to question 3.
- Is their domain rating within 5 points of mine? If yes, then you are on a firm competitive footing.
So there is a good take away in that piece. He is referencing Domain Rank which is similar but a different metric than Moz Domain Authority but both attempt to predict how well your content will rank. And thats the take away I wanted to make…pick a keyword or phrase you want. Find out what your Domain Authority is or Domain Rank and if your site is a DA 19 and you want to out rank a site on the same keyword that is a Domain Authority 66 … you need to focus on building your Domain Authority because its gonna be hard to reach that top spot.
Publish Content Often
Another take away which I use already … if you want to rank for a keyword don’t rely on old content to do it.
Web content is NOT like cheese or wine. Think of content as a jello mold at a picnic, the longer it’s out the less likely anyone is going to take a bite, unless encouraged by others. Those encouragements are the backlinks of other sites. So if you want to rank for keyword x and you wrote this content 2 months ago and no one linked to it…you need to move on from that content and post something new thats still relevant. It’s also going to help you in the long run, if your site has 20 articles on say Nuclear Propulsion you’re going to be seen as more of an authority than someone who has 3 articles.
Keep in mind that when you post your first article on a topic seeking that top spot…you’re likely that site that has 3 articles wondering why you aren’t out ranking someone who has published many times more content on the topic. You’re going to have to put your time in and build your authority.
How do you build authority? Well I’ll publish an article on that again here shortly. It really is the secret sauce.
And finally I want to say check out Ultimate SEO. Its a great site.
This is article was first published on CertifiedKnowledge as a guest blog post.
Above 7 it’s in great shape.
From 6 to 4 it gets weak.
Below 3, it’s seriously sick…
And at a 1/10 quality score, your keyword is dead.
A craftsman uses his hands to do the labour and without them he cannot make a living. He trains them, makes them stronger and hones his skill… but if he ever gets a heart attack those hands are useless.
The same is true in Adwords.
Your landing pages and products make you money, you can tweak things here and there, optimize continuously but if your quality scores drop low enough… all advertising become meaningless. You’ve just had a heart attack.
Quality score is the heart of every Adwords account. It defines how much search share you get and how much you pay for it
I. How Low Quality Scores Kill Your Advertising
Unprofitable Advertising Costs
The differences in costs between one score level to the other can double, triple, quadruple and even be ten times higher at the lower end of the scale.
Notice how first page bids double from 7 to 6, then from 5 to 4 and how they quadruple from 3 to 2.
Surprising? Not really.
If you’re a math geek too, you surely have already reverse engineered the formula for first page minimum bid and you know that it is minBid = minAdRank / QS which is a simple rational function thus the shape of the resulting curve.
And… the only purpose of that last sentence was to make me sound clever.
Here’s the graph that says it all better than any mathematical gibberish. It shows the average cost-per-click (CPC) at each quality score for the account:
Notice how the price doubles from a 10/10 quality score to a 7/10. And 7 is considered to be a great score to have. Notice the sudden bump between 5 to 4.
Could that mean the difference between profit and loss? Absolutely.
Now imagine two advertisers in this same market advertising on the same keyword. One has a 10/10 and the other has 4/10. The chart above tells us that the advertiser with a 4 could be paying 10 times more that his competitor.
Now imagine that the advertiser with a 4/10 is… well, you. Yes, right now you might be paying 10 times more than you should on those keywords you’ve neglected to optimize.
Little To No Traffic To Your Website
Your keyword isn’t triggering ads to appear on google right now due to a low ad rank. ads are ranked based on your bid and quality score.
You can set up ads in 5 minutes and reach 1 million users with Adwords, right?!
Well, it’s not that easy… and quality score will shatter your dreams of traffic orgies in an instant.
Let’s talk about Impression Share (IS).
Impressions Share is the percent of traffic that Google is willing to send you versus the amount of traffic that is actually available to you. (You can view the impression share of all your campaigns by customizing the columns in your adwords account at the campaign level)
Impression share depends on two things: Ad Rank and Budget.
If you have a big budget to spend, obviously Google won’t really stop you from throwing money at them and if you want more Impression Share, just pay more.
Increasing your Ad Rank, however, is the smarter way to go. Ad Rank – a (secret) number Google uses to rank ads in sponsored search results – influences Impression Share and itself is greatly influenced by quality score. It’s formula is AdRank = MaxCPC x QS.
The higher your quality scores, the higher your Ad Rank, and the more impressions Google is willing to send your way. The lower your quality scores, the lower your Ad Rank, the less generous Google is with traffic.
Every time your keywords’ scores drop, traffic is chocked, the pipeline gets thinner until ultimately the flow is completely clogged.
I don’t know about you, but I hate paying more than I should and I despise getting less than I deserve. And that’s why I don’t ever settle for low scores — ever.
II. How To Increase Low QS With Seductive Ads
It all boils down to relevance.
Yes, we all know that click-through-rate (CTR) is the main factor that influences quality score. But what is behind a great CTR? It is having the most relevant ad shown to Mr Searcher. CTR is Google’s best measure of relevance. The importance of understanding relevance beyond what Google tells you is really crucial. The relevance I’m referring to has NOTHING to do with having the same keyword appear in the ad, the ad group or the landing page.
It is about having a deep understanding of who the searcher behind the keyword is. Understanding what led him to typing those words in Google. Understanding his emotions, his frustrations and the short or long series of events that caused him to turn to a search engine for a solution.
It’s about understanding what relevance means to him, NOT what it means to you.
Only when you have that kind of understanding can you write an ad that instantly resonates with him and lift your click-through-rates.
I’ll give you an example.
Once upon a time, in a distant land, an affiliate marketer decided to try the dating niche. One of the products he wanted to sell was a book about how to be better in bed – more specifically, the book claimed to have “500 Love Making Secrets”.
After trying out a few ads, he found one that worked pretty well in terms of click-through-rates, it said:
The last recorded click ratio was 2.04%, the average cost-per-click was $0.21. Not too bad, wasn’t it? The quality score was 7/10 and it stayed at 7 for a very long time.
But profits weren’t that good.
He had no control over the website he was sending traffic to so landing page split-testing for better conversion rates was not an immediate solution.
The answer came from the following ad:
Click-through-rate jumped to 3.84%, quality score swelled up to 10/10 and the cost-per-click was cut in half: $0.10.
Profits got better and he lived happily ever after.
The successful ad wasn’t the result of looking at the website and trying to think up ways to write a better ad. It wasn’t born by trying out tricks like putting keywords in the title, adding a question mark or putting capital letters in the display url.
It was born after intensive research on the person behind the keyword.
I pictured myself being a man looking for love making tips. “What images would be flowing in my head, what do I secretly want, what experiences led me to this search and what is the ultimate result that I’m looking for?”, I asked myself.
Then I typed the words in Google. I took a look at all the websites that were returned, and I asked myself why those results would be relevant and why some wouldn’t be. I looked into blog comments and forum threads to read what people on the same quest were saying about it and how they were expressing themselves.
What I realized is that no man really wants to learn 500 love making secrets just for the sake of it. Instead, they want their partner to be the happiest woman alive and they want themselves to be the source of fulfillment a woman craves for. (And they want to witness her inner animal – grrrrrr!).
This exercise can be done for any type of website, any type of offer, any type of product. Whatever it is you are selling, figuring out the deepest needs buried in the searchers mind will give you the competitive advantage you need to dominate your market.
It will help you discover the features and benefits you need to put forward about your offer to align it with what searchers are looking for, resulting in above than average click-troughs and conversion rates.
6 Steps To Getting Into The Searcher’s Mind And Writing The Perfect Ad
Step 1 – Possess Her Body
Choose a specific keyword in your list and sit in front your computer. Close your eyes and put yourself in the shoes of your prospect. Imagine what happened to you just before you decided to type that keyword into Google. Imagine what you felt, the urgency of the matter, the frustrations tied to it. Imagine what the best solution to your problem would be. It could be important information about something, it could be a better price for the product, a better feature…
Step 2 – See It Like She Sees it
Type your chosen keyword in Google and look at the natural search results. Glance over the 10 results and find the general theme of the results. Are they mostly commercial in nature or are they informative. What are the words used and how, as a searcher, do you feel when looking at them. What are the ones that grab your attention?
There’s a reason why Google is the number search engine, one of those reason is that they do a great job at showing searchers what they want. Researching the natural search results helps you understand better what is happening in the mind of a searcher. Google has already done half the job for you.
Step 3 – Experience What She Experiences
Visit each of the websites returned and try to understand why the first website is number 1, why the second is number 2 and so on. Take a look at what information is offered and understand how each is relevant to your quest – and if it isn’t, find out why it isn’t. Start thinking of ways each website could give you, as a searcher, the solution you desire in a better way.
Step 4 – Eavesdrop On Conversations
Find blogs or forum related to you keyword. Read what people are saying about it. Learn how they express themselves, how they talk about the subject. Find out their knowledge level on the topic. Figure out what they want, what questions aren’t answered and what solution would make their lives easier. Amazon reviews of a similar product as yours is a great place to start.
Step 5 – Spy On Your Competitors (quietly)
Now look at the sponsored results. You could use a spying tool that tells you how long each ad has been showing for your particular keyword. This will tell you – just like the natural search result – what searchers are really looking for. Your competitors have done the other half of the work for you so you should piggy back on their efforts and do a better job than them.
Step 6 – Write The Perfect Ad!
Write 2 or 3 ads to test with what you’ve discovered. It should now be clear to you what type of message resonates most with your prospect. If you’ve taken notes during your research phase in the previous 5 steps, that will help.
Don’t takes these steps lightly. Take your time. Sometimes it takes me days to understand exactly what message resonates with a particular searcher. What’s great about it is that once it works for one keyword, it will work for most of the other keywords in the same market.
When you have done the above exercise, you will know who is behind your keywords and what they are looking for. You’ll be able to segment your ad groups according to your ads and searchers desires. You’ll be able to fine tune your campaign settings to target the right person for the message you’ve written.
Your ads will be sharper, Google will be happy and your wallet will feel it.
Of course there’s more to it and there are other little ways to tweak ads for higher CTR. But there’s nothing I have found that improves ad efficiency better than deeply understanding who you are marketing to.
III. How To Keep High Quality Scores
Understand That QS Varies — A Lot!
The search market place is constantly changing. Advertisers come and go, competitors rise and fall. So do quality scores:
The graph above shows the quality score evolution of one of our keyword over a period of 23 days. The blue line represents quality scores progress and the green line represents first page minimum bids evolution, both having their numerical values displayed in the table below the chart.
Notice how QS has been jumping from 4 to to 7 to 10 and back to 4.
There are many reasons you may wake up one day and find that costs have doubled for your main keywords due to a decrease in quality scores.
Knowing the main causes of quality score rise and fall will help you react fast when it happens.
Here’s what to watch for:
- Unsuccessful ad split-tests
When testing new ads, bad ads can have nefarious influence on your keyword’s average CTR. Your quality score will drop even when one of your ad is performing very well. That’s why it is sometimes a good idea to have one test ad being tested against 3 copies of the successful ad in one ad group. This ensures that your average CTR doesn’t drop too much due a bad test.
- The competition beating you
The competition for your keywords may suddenly start performing better. Google compares your CTR to the average CTR being achieved in your market. You get rewarded for performing better than your competitors, you get punished for under performing. If your competitors suddenly start showing more relevant ads to your poll of prospects, and if that goes on for a while, your quality score will drop since you’re no longer on top of performance. Keep an eye on what others are doing, and try their ideas on your ads.
- Keywords changing meaning
You keywords may change meaning. It’s not uncommon. In his AdWords book, Brad gives an example with the word “Bleach” which shows results for a cartoon. Before that cartoon existed, you would have probably found results for the detergent. There was also a time when typing the words “make the cut” in google would show results of movies and amazon books. Today it mostly shows results for a scrap booking software that was created about a year ago. This all means that your keywords may suddenly start attracting searchers that have no interest in what you’re offering due to a change in keyword meaning. Keep a special eye on what your broad and phrase match keywords are triggering, make sure they stay relevant to your ads.
- Uncrawlable landing pages
Forgotten to renew your domain name? Or did you remember to check that the new landing page was actually uploaded correctly? Or maybe you work in a large organization in which different people work on the same set of pages. Working on a website can sometimes lead to errors not caught in time. When spiders come for a visit and find nothing, you get slapped with 1/10 quality score — a heart attack. Make sure your landing pages are always available and crawlable.
The fact is: quality score varies and it can vary a lot. Those variations may mean the difference between good ROI and great ROI. They may mean the difference between profits and losses. So whenever you think you don’t need to keep an eye on quality scores, you’re doing a disservice to your wallet (and making Google richer).
Track Your Quality Scores Changes And Optimize When Necessary
You went on vacation and left your ads unmanaged. “They’ve been quite stable and since revenue is steady there’s no risk”, you tell yourself. After 2 weeks in Hawaii, you come to find out that your top keywords have stopped generating traffic or that their costs have become unprofitable…
Oops, quality score did it again!
Having a system in place for tracking your daily scores and being notified of changes will prevent drops from sneaking up on you with serious consequences.
A free way to do it is with Excel sheets. I really like this little quick guide Jacqueline Dooley put together, in it she explains how her excel sheet shows her at a glance where she’s lost quality score points. If I didn’t have TenScores, I would personally use her method weekly – instead of monthly like she advises – on all my main keywords until they are all above 7.
IV. Starting With High Quality Scores In The First Place
Start With Your Brand’s Keywords
People who are searching for your brand’s name, your domain name or product name aren’t shopping around, they want you and they know it. The CTR you achieve from those keywords sets a foundation for your accounts history that influences the scores you receive for other keywords.
Build On Your Typical Visitor’s Profile
Start in first gear and shift gradually.
Before you go in and load millions of keywords and ads in your account, start small and test the waters with a few ad groups. Although the searcher behind every keyword is different, people in your market place share common frustrations or needs that need to be met. Use the tips mentioned above to figure out the kind of message that resonates most with prospects in your market.
Once you have found the kind of message that generates above average CTR, it’s ok to scale and use the same message on millions of keywords if they fall under the same kind of market and same demographics.
A common mistake that many new advertisers make is to start in 5th gear with too many keywords without having a deep understanding of what their market responds to. They end up having poor performance in a short amount of time, quality scores drop and the account is almost doomed to failure. Don’t make that mistake.
I hope this helps you get closer to achieving your goals, let us know what you think in the comments.
And finally I want to say check out Ultimate SEO. Its a great site.
To often you are unable to really utilize an SEO tool found on Google, they may require your contact information, only run once then require a subscription, most seem to be more a sales tool than an SEO Tool. Here are some tools that I find useful and that minimize the bull crap that can come with the most popular SEO sites.
Just a few of the tools available…
Domain Authority Checker – Domain authority represents how authoritative a website is on a scale of 0-100. It is calculated by Moz, an SEO software provider. The score is largely based on the quality of links going to a website, as well as the MozTrust and MozRank scores.
I want to remind everyone that the url you type technically is a completely different site so as you see in the comparison of multiple addresses that lead to the same site there is variation.
My personal site will rank low … it is very new.
Moz Free Tools – several tools, requires registration then limited to 10 queries a day or so.
And finally I want to say check out Ultimate SEO. Its a great site.
Awhile back I picked up a domain name that had expired called UltimateSEO.org its Domain Authority is a respectable 36. Some companies work years to build up to that level and its branding isn’t that bad either. SEO is in the name afterall. MatthewLeffler.com could just as easily belong to the other Matthew Leffler’s that I constantly fight against to rank highest on Google. Be it the lawyer, the tennis pro or even the sex offender in Florida. (Shame on you for dragging our name down)
MatthewLeffler.com is a DA23 which is respectable for less than a year old but I can skip a year or so of work if I jump into the new site’s shoes.
I keep a bunch of niche domains going, if you haven’t picked up on my website bonanza. I think though they are complementary but separate and thats why there are a few.
So that leaves my personal sites, a little more personal. And if you are interested in SEO, Cloud or Data then ya got a site on that niche. I will say though Data I kinda neglected and wrapped up into Cloud502.com SEO is the actual thing I enjoy, its just figuring out data and easier if ya can use cloud computing.
Anyhow there it is my sites
Sounds odd right? But it’s a challenge in today’s information overload and with all the metrics we track some basic questions are likely overlooked. I think we all easily know how many people visited our site, most of us have Google Analytics set up, we should all have Google Search Console as well. (More on that in another post … often people don’t know that both are essential pieces to SEO). But here are some basic questions I’d ask anyone with a website…
Your Web Sites Data Should Answer
- Which page on your site gets the most hits, other than your homepage?
- Which page is the most likely page for a visitor to leave your site?
- What did a person type into Google search to get your site as a result?
- What percentage of searches are you getting when someone searches a keyword you’ve targeted?
- How many pages on your site are indexed in Google and how many are indexed in Google Mobile?
- What’s your average visitor like? Are they into News And Politics? Do they have children? How old are they? Are they urban or suburban people?
You might say who cares…but then you would be someone who doesn’t Know What You Already Know. All of these answers are already available to you if you are using Google Analytics and Google Search Console. Each one is important to know to ensure you’re successful. If 85% of your visitors leave your site on one page then you likely need to review what about that particular page makes people leave your site. If no one visits this section on your site is there any reason to expand it? Knowing your audience is the second rule of almost any endeavor. I’ve always operated with the idea that the first rule is to get your story out first, then second know your audience.
“If only HP knew what HP knows, we would be three times more productive.” Lew Platt, CEO, Hewlett-Packard.Mar 12, 2013 …. fun fact Lew Platt died in 2005, so how he said this in 2013 I’m not totally sure.
A suburban mother in her 50s, who likes cooking shows is likely to be receptive to a different message than a city living single 25yr old male who’s into books and reading groups. If your site is using the same tactics with both you’re likely missing the attention of at least one but often both. Just think of their days and how different they are…one likely wakes up early and has to get the kids off to school, drives a larger car farther every morning and maybe listens to the radio in on her commute. The other wakes up just in time to shower and catch a train to the office. You already know these things, you just don’t know it.
Google Data Studio
Google Data Studio makes graphs and graphs on graphs but beyond that it connects to repositories such as Google Analytics, Google Search Console, Adwords and much more. Heres a pdf report I recently made that connects all of those and I export Bing data to a CSV file and it accesses Bing through that CSV. So I can mash up all that and make something that tells a story.
Pretty cool right? Some of the terms and labels are removed to keep the report semi-anonymous but its easier to understand the whole picture when its all together. Highlighted tour..
- Sixth page shows us that 12 to 1pm are the highest hours our site was searched. We came up just under 2nd in these searches.
- Page seven shows us that our average page loads in 8 seconds which is pretty horrible, but before we go fixing the site…not all pages load the same. Three pages represent 95% of our wait times…so we should be focused on what is wrong with just those three pages….(which if we thought 8 seconds was bad, the worst page is closer to 11 seconds) . Not surprising that page is also the number one page that people leave our site.
- Page five shows that 64% of our clicks were from the “hybrid cloud” ad group, but it only made up 19% of the ads we showed on Google Adwords. Is there something wrong with the other ad groups, or is this a service that we should focus and expand on?
- Page four deals with Search Console … organic SEM or pure SEO stuff. Of the 1183 times our site was in the results of a person’s search…we were clicked 8 times. That’s about 25% of the clicks we should be shooting for so whats wrong? Likely position or the metadata from our site isn’t compelling.
- Page Three we see in the center our average position in search results. Notice that tablet users see us much higher up than desktop or mobile users. Should we change that or should we own it and focus on tablet users?
- Page Two we can see that our bounce rate is highest among Bing Ads users. Overall the site’s bounce rate is 4.7% which is astounding but in our average page views we see SEOProfiler is our number one source of page views…thats not real users its a tool crawling our site that I use, its likely causing the bounce rate to artificially seem great and it is alarming that our biggest source of traffic is a diagnostics tool.
- Finally Page One, the one most people would have started with…this is the first week I’ve been running this client’s Adwords account, so it’s not performing to the level yet that we will need, the CTR of .7% is low, our goal is 2%. But we’re just starting out and it is promising that our impressions are up 128% from the week prior and thats largely revenue neutral right now.
Thats a lot of info. We discussed hardly any of it too. I like Google Data Studio, and most of my clients do too.